Mastic gum is a yellow gum derived from a shrub called Pistachio, (Scientific name: Pistacia lentiscus). In Persian it is called “Ramas”, “Ramast” and “Kea”. Traditional medicine books have been cited as “mystical”, “Roman mystic”, “Roman frankincense”, “mastic” and “Roman cure”. It is also called in English Arabic gum (not to be confused with gum Arabic), Yemen gum or tears of Chios.
how mastic gum is made?
Muscle resin is composed of up to 90% of mastic acid, mastic acid and mastico resin. It also contains some essential oils. Mastic is a natural resin that is obtained from a small evergreen tree (large shrub) that is successfully carried out on Chios Island, in the eastern Aegean Sea.
It is a evergreen tree called Schinos, belonging to the Pistachia family. (Botanical name: Pistacia Lentiscus var. Chia) The average tree growth is usually from 1.5 m (5 ft) to 3.5 m (11 ft), and it starts to produce mastic from the age of 5 to 6 years. After about 15 years, this tree can give 60 to 250 grams of its resin, which is called mastic. In exceptional cases very large trees can produce 400 grams of mastic or even slightly more. This amazing tree is just a boom in the southern part of Kiswes Island. In South Chios we find 24 villages that are concerned with the growth and production of mastic tree.
Various names that are used for mastic include: Mastic, Mastiha, Mastika, Mastiha, Mastica Mastix etc.Since 1997, Chios Mastiha is known as Protected Designing of Origin product (PDO) and is registered in the relevant Community list. From ancient times to today, little has changed in the process of manufacturing mastic, which is unbroken to connect it to the historical tradition of the South Chios.
Mastic tree is a relatively resistant plant and has partial demand, which is why it grows in arid, rocky and poor soil. Its roots are spread on the soil surface and can survive in absolute drought conditions. On the other hand, it is very sensitive towards cold and frost. Preparation of mastic tree in winter with pruning of trees branches starts, thus gives the right shape to the tree to get under it. At the same time, a surface plow is done on the farm.
More tillage is done to clean the farm of weeds, in depth of about 10 cm because the roots of the mastic tree are just below the soil surface. Around June, leveling up and cleaning the environment around the tree trunk, where mastic will fall. The next stage is the distribution of white soil (calcium carbonate powder) on this area to be given to mastic resin that causes drying and facilitating the collection without changing the chemical composition of mastic. Mastic breeders are well-equipped and fully-dressed. All things do early morning before noon, before the extreme heat of the summer of Greece will soften soft softening.
Mastic collection starts usually mid August, with the work starting again very early in the morning. The larger pieces are collected (along with dust, tree leaves and small stones) from the ground. They are spread in large wooden pans and taken in to the growers house to be stored in a dry and cool place. The small pieces of mastic are collected Mid September from the tree trunk and from the ground.
The cleaning of mastic is a laborious task which starts November. Usually all the family participates and the cleaning process lasts throughout the winter period. Mastic is washed and then the larger pieces are manually cleaned one by one with a small pointed knife. The small pieces are cleaned in a different way. mastic gums in persian called Saghez iran.
mastic gum Types
mastic gum Types are :
- Carob gum
From the powdered hydrocolloid part of Ceratunia Siligua spermatozoa are obtained from the leguminosae. It contains galactomannan gum and is used as a laxative, laxative and appetite suppressant in traditional medicine. This gum is used in medicine as a thickening, stabilizing and adhering tablet, and is used in other industries that require hydrocolloids.
- Guar Gum
Guargaram comes from seed and minnow plants that are found in India, Pakistan and southwestern US. It is used in industry as a gelling agent and as an additive, sometimes as a cladding, adhesive and stabilizing agent, and sometimes for preservation. Moisture is present in the fiber of the product – manopyranosyl, which is bonded to each other by bonds of 1-4.
These units are bonded intermittently to a D-galactopyranosyl unit. This gum gives low viscose solutions at low concentrations and gives a gel concentration of about 3-2%. This gum does not show incompatibility with proteins and other polysaccharides. Guar gum makes flexible, durable films.
- Arabic Gum or Acacia
In Persian it is called “devotazi”, in French it is called Gomme arabiqu and Gomme Senegal and in English it is called Gum Arabic. It is a gum that flows naturally from acacia branches, especially from Acacia Senegal, due to insect bites and branches, but practically scratches and gaps with special tools such as surface scraping. And does not damage the central wood layer, it is achieved.
In early fall after the rainy season, the gum is taken from the stems and branches and trunk of the Acacia tree. Usually this season there is a blizzard in the Senegal called Harmattan from the east, the stronger the flow and gum outflow. The color of the gum varies depending on what type of gum is taken from Acacia and when and how, but overall, the darker the color to the brown, the gumier the gum.
The pure and high quality Arabian gum is white or yellowish and its parts are in the form of lacrimal grains or small comet fragments, if broken, the luminous section is striated with white lines. The gum arabic dissolves in water and forms a viscous solution that precipitates two seals due to strong alcohol and sevastat.
Arab gum is highly soluble in water and can be made from solutions containing up to 2%. Its constituents include L-arabinose, L-rhamnose, D-galactose, and D-gluconic acid. Gum arabic is one of the few gums that needs high concentrations to increase viscosity and is used as a deterrent to crystallization and emulsifiers, which virtually prevent the breakdown of fat or the growth of sugar crystals in confectionery products or ice crystals. Ice cream is prevented.
This gum is not compatible with certain dietary compounds and polymers such as gelatin or sodium alginate. It is also used to stabilize flavor components in food systems. In this case, gum encapsulates these components, thereby preventing them from being separated mainly due to volatility and drying of the encapsulated aroma.Arabic gum is used in the food industry as a “stabilizer” and in the printing industry as a lubricant in certain types of ink for printing. Other uses of Arabic gum include:
- An important component of syrup is soda.
- In the painting it is used as an adhesive in watercolor.
- It is also used in the printing, pharmaceutical and cosmetics industries.
- Another important component of wax is gum arabic.
- The postage stamps are also of this gum.
- It is also used in cigarette making as a sticky cigarette paper.
mastic gum producing countries
Iran has long been one of the hubs for the production of plant gum due to its wide variety of plant species and diversity. According to the National Union of Agricultural Products, Iran is the fourth largest producer of vegetable gum in the world.
It is said that there are about 8,000 plants in Iran, including 6 species of aromatic and medicinal plants. Therefore, there is considerable potential in the country for the economic exploitation of these plant species. It is noteworthy that many of these species are adapted to the prevailing climatic conditions of the country and are found in many areas by car. The report mentions a number of important species that are suitable for gum production. Species that in many countries are local to invest and create jobs, and even have export routes and have followed their valuation.
Chewing gum can be produced with the help of natural raw materials such as corm gum or with the help of imported artificial base. The production line can be small or large. For small lines, the initial capital needs about one billion tomans, and if it adds another 4 billion tomans, in other words, 5 billion tomans (not estimated at the factory land price), factories with production lines and quality machines. And it will be readily available, which can be assured of the success of sales and the large number of fans of its various products.
There are, of course, more estimates, and of course, with more investment (for example, 20 to 30 billion USD), a larger and larger business with higher end-to-end performance and profitability. It takes at least a year or two for the capital to return.
One of the biggest challenges in producing gum with the help of natural gums is the preparation of these ingredients. In recent years, drought and water scarcity and rainfall have become a serious issue, so restrictions on gum collection have been imposed in some seasons, causing gum scarcity and rising prices. The problem is getting worse as the drought continues. Lack of government legal support to enter the target markets is another challenge for the food industry.
The lack of working capital and the lack of lending by banks due to the lack of prioritization of lending to the industry are other threats to the production of this lucrative chewing product. Manufacturers’ lack of access to alternatives to raw materials for a variety of reasons, including problems in registering orders and trading with Iran over imported raw materials, are other risks and problems of investing in domestic chewing gum.
Best mastic gum sellers
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Top mastic gum Suppliers in the world
Some of the major global players in the Mastic Gums market are Merck KGaA, Lalilab, Inc., Sharawi Chewing Gum Factory, Mazaya’s Tobacco-Molasses, and other key players. The research report presents a comprehensive assessment of the market and contains thoughtful insights, facts, historical data, and statistically supported and industry-validated market data. It also contains projections using a suitable set of assumptions and methodologies. The research report provides analysis and information according to market segments such as geographies, application, and industry.
The report is a compilation of first-hand information, qualitative and quantitative assessment by industry analysts, inputs from industry experts and industry participants across the value chain. The report provides in-depth analysis of parent market trends, macro-economic indicators and governing factors along with market attractiveness as per segments. The report also maps the qualitative impact of various market factors on market segments and geographies.
Substantial growth will be noticed over the forecast period in the global mastic gums market. There is a significant increase in the mastic gums market owing to rising demand for mouth freshness and cleanness products globally, and mastic tree helps in producing good quality mastic gums. However, the market is expected to grow moderately in developed countries. North America and Europe will show the stagnant growth due to a stable population and high penetration of these products.
APEJ will grow at over the fastest rate backed by rising population and many people in this region are suffering from the dry mouth problems that will increase the demand for mastic gums. Mastic Gum Market have many players worldwide supplying the mastic gum for pharmaceutical and medicinal use, industrial use, for use in the food industry and others.
Rising use of mastic gums in the industries like food service industry, pharmaceutical, and medicinal industry is the critical success factor fuelling the growth of the global mastic gums market. Additionally, the increasing awareness among people regarding the utilization of mastic gums to improvise their health like the dry mouth is expected to drive the market over the forecast period.
Also, the growing demand for mastic gum products in food service industry, pharmaceutical and medicinal industry due increasing per capita income and changing the lifestyle of consumers, increasing awareness about resins from the mastic trees is further fuelling the growth of the global mastic gums market. Furthermore, the mastic gums help to improve their dental and mouth related problems, which is also expected to increase the growth of global mastic gums market during the forecast period. More and more manufacturers across the world are discovering the mastic gums because of their high demand.
mastic gum Price list 2020
Special purchase prices of candle gum have been affected by volatility in the domestic market and are constantly changing and will vary. organic mastic gum is naturally available as a natural cleft in the plant, or artificially, through human intervention in harvesting it. In the past, most people would smoke this gum with a sting and thought it would heal the eye. Nowadays, most of the therapeutic and pain relieving properties of this product are favored by customers. The special purchase price of Kendall gum is affected by the volatility of the domestic market and is constantly changing. after read you shoul know about mastic gum powder,mastic gum wholesale,mastic ice cream and mastic gum for stomach inflammation.